What You Should Know About Syphilis

STD TestingSyphilis is a STD (sexually transmitted disease) which is caused from bacteria. Syphilis progresses through stages. In its early stages, Syphilis is easy to cure. However, if you fail to treat this STD it can seriously damage your body’s organs and lead to severe illness and death.

How Does Syphilis Spread?
This sexually transmitted disease can be spread through direct contact with a syphilis rash or sore during vaginal, oral, or anal sex. The bacteria are then allowed to enter the body through the penis, vagina, anus, mouth, or through any area of broken skin. A pregnant woman infected with Syphilis can also spread the disease to her unborn baby. Contrary to common misconceptions, Syphilis cannot be spread through simple contact with toilet seats, swimming pools, doorknobs, bathtubs, hot tubs, shared clothing or from shared eating utensils.

Syphilis Symptoms

Stage One
One or more sores, which are called a chancre, will appear. The time between infection and the beginning of the sore can be between 10 to 90 days. These sores are typically small, round, firm, and painless. They will appear at the area where the infection entered the body. During this stage, syphilis can be spread to others through contact with the sore during sexual activity. The sore will remain for 3 to 6 weeks and then heal with or without treatment. Without treatment, the infection moves to the second stage.

Stage Two
Skin rash with rough reddish spots on both the bottoms of the feet and palms of the hands.
Sores on the throat, mouth, or cervix
Sore throat
Swollen glands
Headaches and muscle aches
Patchy hair loss
Weight loss

Stage Three (Latent Stage)
The infection appears to go away although it still lives in the body. This can last for many years before returning and the STD cannot be spread during this time.

Stage Four
Roughly 15% of people with untreated syphilis will progress to this stage. This can happen anywhere from within a few years to a couple of decades or more after the first infection. In this stage, the disease can damage vital organs, including the brain, eyes, nerves, heart, blood vessels, bones, liver and joints. This can lead to severe nerve issues, paralysis, dementia, blindness, and other serious health concerns. In some cases, this can even result in death. If you have syphilis, you should seek treatment as soon as possible to avoid these health issues.

For more information about STD testing, contact ARCpoint Labs of Elk Grove Village today.

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